Enneagram Tritype® Test
• Comprehensive Testing Instrument
• Based on 22 Enneagram Research Studies
• 8 Tests in 1 with Special Features
• Programmed to Detect Patterns used by 6s
• Enneastyle Lexicon Assessment
• Analogous and Tritype® Enneaspreads
• Identifies Type, Tritype® & Instinctual Stacking
What are Tritypes®, How do I find my Tritype®?
®Tritype®, a 27-point personality system, coined and created by Katherine Chernick Fauvre, is based on the theory that an individual uses three Enneagram Types, not just one. These three types occur as one in each of the three centers of intelligence: head (5,6,7), heart (2,3,4), and gut (8,9,1) and are used in a preferred, continuously oscillating, descending stacking order, which create a “new" type unto itself with its own worldview, coping mechanisms, and defense strategies.
Extensive research with tens of thousands of international participants has confirmed that each Tritype® Archetype is made up of the character traits of the three types within the Tritype®. These traits, within the Tritype®, combine to create 27 unique Tritypes®, each with its own set of core values, needs, fears, and concerns that include: a specific focus of attention, idealized image, core triggers, core fears, desires, blindspots, sense of purpose, and growing edge, adding significant precision, accuracy, and scope to the Enneagram Typing process.
One of the three types in an individual's Tritype® is the “core” or dominant type and represents the ego’s preferred defense strategy and is in charge of the 3Type defense system. The ego always uses the strategies of all three types in unison in a rapid, repeating, hierarchical order throughout the day. The dominant type will continuously deploy the other two types in the Tritype to make decisions and solve problems.
It is important to note that just combining the three preferred types, one from each of the three centers, is not enough to explain the attentional patterns of each of the 27 Tritype® Archetypes or to confirm which Tritype® is dominant. We can theorize about which type we identify with most in each triad, but the focus of attention of the Tritype® emerges as a result of what happens when these three types merge and, in effect, become one type, which is the Tritype®.
This is because the characteristics of all three types influence one another. As a result, some characteristics are amplified, while other characteristics are minimized by the characteristics of the two other types within the Tritype®. These distinct differences explain why each Tritype® is unique.
For example, the 478 Tritype® has the three “creative" Enneagram Types, one from each triad (4,7,8), which include the two types that prefer what is unusual (4,7), the two types that share the line of intensity (4-8), and the two types that are assertive (7,8) thus creating a type that is innovative, creative, outspoken, intense, assertive, and deep with an original sense of style.
The defense strategies of the types within the Tritype® combine, creating a unique focus of attention with a shared worldview. Research also suggests that the common theme found among the three types within an individual’s Tritype® identifies that individual’s archetypal life purpose and a critical blind spot to self-awareness. In addition, the shared view by the types in an individual’s Tritype® gives important clues as to what is needed to live a more conscious and meaningful life.
High Side and Low Side of Tritypes® Just like our Enneagram type, we have a "high side" and a "low side" of these Tritype® interactions that distinguish each as having a separate purpose. The values and concerns of the three types in our Tritype® come together to become the guiding principles in life and give us our sense of values, purpose, and the guiding principles one should follow.
The high side of the intersection of these three Enneagram Types is that they define what gives life direction, focus, and purpose for the individual with that Tritype® combination.
The low side of this intersection is that the defense strategies collude or "miss the mark" in the same way, narrowing one’s ability to accurately self-assess, and may even prevent a person from achieving a higher level of self-awareness by keeping the individual mired in outdated, rigid beliefs.
This collusion is both an asset and a liability. An individual’s strengths are a result of these three types working in concert with one another. An individual’s weaknesses result from this collusion as well, which limits self-awareness and spiritual growth, creating what we term an “egoic" blind spot.
Making this blind spot conscious often releases neurotic symptoms just as aligning oneself with the archetypal energies found in the three types in one’s Tritype® can align an individual with their life purpose and mission. Identifying one’s Tritype® Archetype creates an opportunity to discover one’s innate abilities, develop expertise, and experience a greater sense of satisfaction.
How is Tritype® different from Enneagram Type? Tritype® theory suggests that we use three Enneagram types that combine to create a new type, with one dominant or 'core' type at the top of the stacking order, while Enneagram theory suggests that we have a single 'core' Enneagram type.
Tritype® can explain the distinctive ways in which each individual manages life using various combinations of ego strategies and coping mechanisms from each center, yet Tritype® (like the Enneagram) still remains a theory of motivation and not one of behavior.
©1995-2021 Katherine Chernick Fauvre: Originator of Tritype®
27 Tritype® Archetypes Descriptions
Tritype® 125, 152, 215, 251, 512, 521-The Mentor
If you are a 125, you are very diligent, caring, and knowledgeable. You want to be ethical, helpful, and wise. You are very idealistic and see what needs to be done and the simple and effective ways to do it. You are intensely private but care about people. You seek practical systems and procedures to measure results and effectiveness.
Tritype® 126, 162, 216, 261, 612, 621-The Supporter
If you are a 126, you are diligent, caring, and inquisitive. You want to be ethical, helpful, and supportive. Highly responsible and cooperative, you are most comfortable when you do things ‘by the book’ and know what to expect. Focused on the needs and concerns of others, you seek ways to be of service. You enjoy being the power behind the throne.
Tritype® 127, 172, 217, 271, 712, 721-The Teacher
If you are a 127, you are diligent, caring, and innovative. You want to be ethical, empathetic, and inspired. Engaging, fun-loving, and outgoing, you want to be with people. You seek fun with a purpose, needing goals, and time to play and celebrate and enjoy life. You love discovering new things. You have a gift of being able to squeeze the boredom out of anything tedious.
Tritype® 135, 153, 315, 351, 513, 531-The Technical Expert
If you are a 135, you are diligent, focused, and knowledgeable. You want to be ethical, efficient, and, wise. Highly rational, you seek systems and procedures. Detail-oriented, you like mathematical concepts and finding ways to breakdown and understand complex material. You are very precise and good with exacting details that others find difficult to manage.
Tritype® 136, 163, 316, 361, 613, 631-The Taskmaster
If you are a 136, you are diligent, ambitious, and inquisitive. You want to be ethical, efficient, and dutiful. Highly industrious and responsible, you are focused on achievement. You feel obligated to be orderly and create a successful image as dictated by society. Most importantly, you focus on your duty and finding certainty.
Tritype® 137, 173, 317, 371, 713, 731-The Systems Builder
If you are a 137, you are diligent, ambitious, and innovative. You want to be ethical, efficient, and upbeat. You are self-motivated and want to achieve your goals in a positive and effective way. You want to do your best and want to look good doing it. You focus on success and seek ways to measure it.
Tritype® 145, 154, 415, 451, 514, 541-The Researcher
If you are a 145, you are diligent, intuitive, and knowledgeable. You want to be ethical, original, and wise. Highly intellectual, you are focused on what you perceive is correct and above reproach. Motivated to be informed, you are research-oriented. You seek and quote the opinions of experts to avoid being uncertain and seen as ignorant.
Tritype® 146, 164, 416, 461, 614, 641-The Philosopher
If you are a 146, you are diligent, intuitive, and inquisitive. You want to be ethical, original, and certain. Morally focused, you have strong emotions and are inclined to voice your feelings and intuitions. You care deeply and want to help others improve their lives and the expectations they have of themselves.
Tritype® 147, 174, 417, 471, 714, 741-The Visionary
If you are a 147, you are diligent, intuitive, and innovative. You want to be ethical, expressive, and positive. You are passionate and idealistic. You want to make a difference in the world and see the many possible approaches to different situations. Perfectionistic, you seek standards that improve lives.
Tritype® 258, 285, 528, 582, 825, 852-The Strategist
If you are a 258, you are caring, knowledgeable, and protective. You want to be helpful, wise, and straight- forward. Highly sensitive, you are an empathetic, intellectual ‘people’ person. You are both introverted and extroverted. At times you can be direct and easily move towards others and can ‘over' give or pull away to recharge.
Tritype® 259, 295, 529, 592, 925, 952-The Problem Solver
If you are a 259, you are caring, knowledgeable, and accepting. You want to be helpful, wise, and peaceful. You have a very shy, gentle, and reserved nature and tend to focus on what is harmonious. You need companionship and avoid feelings of loneliness by focusing on the needs and concerns of others. You can struggle with inaction when you feel overwhelmed.
Tritype® 268, 286, 628, 682, 826, 862-The Rescuer
If you are a 268, you are caring, supportive, and protective. You want to be helpful, engaging, and straightforward. By nature, you want to be in charge of your world and are attracted to the noble cause. You wish to shield others from harm and will challenge what is unjust. You want to know what the rules are in order to feel safe and to know when you can break them.
Tritype® 269, 296, 629, 692, 926, 962-The Good Samaritan
If you are a 269, you are caring, inquisitive, and accepting. You want to be helpful, supportive, and peaceful. You like people and want to find ways to engage with them. Your sense of pride comes from getting along with others and being of assistance. You are known for your easygoing and friendly disposition. You hate conflict and may struggle with being too passive.
Tritype® 278, 287, 728, 782, 827, 872-The Free Spirit
If you are a 278, you are caring, innovative, and protective. You want to be helpful, loving, and straightforward. You are assertive, funny, and outgoing. You like to use your charming and sunny disposition to create an upbeat, positive, and action-packed environment. You are also very nurturing to those in your circle of care.
Tritype® 279, 297, 729, 792, 927, 972-The Peacemaker
If you are a 279, you are caring, innovative, and accepting. You want to be helpful, upbeat, and peaceful. You are very kind and tend to see the best in others. You focus on easy and comfortable ways of relating. Very optimistic and positive, you hate any form of conflict or strife, and use your sense of humor to smooth out difficulties.
Tritype® 358, 385, 538, 583, 835, 853-The Solution Master
If you are a 358, you are ambitious, knowledgeable, and protective. You want to be efficient, wise, and straightforward. Tough-minded, you are good at studying a problem and finding both original and practical solutions others often miss. Highly tenacious, you work tirelessly until you find effective solutions and can prevail against adversity.
Tritype® 359, 395, 539, 593, 935, 953-The Thinker
If you are a 359, you are ambitious, knowledgeable, and accepting. You want to be efficient, wise, and peaceful. Intellectual and clever, you find amenable and pleasant ways to manage difficult situations and relationships. Often shy, you are very private and are slow to trust others. You need time to more fully reveal yourself. You are ambitious but seek admiration in a subtle manner.
Tritype® 368, 386, 638, 683, 836, 863-The Justice Fighter
If you are a 368, you are ambitious, inquisitive, and protective. You want to be accomplished, loyal, and straightforward. Verbally adept and a good reader of people and situations, you have the ability to identify unjust authority, rebel against tyranny and verbally spar against it. You want to get along with others but can struggle with being too direct and outspoken.
Tritype®369, 396, 639, 693, 936, 963-The Mediator
If you are a 369, you are ambitious, inquisitive, and accepting. You want to be successful, engaged, and peaceful. You seek peace, balance, and harmony. You want to know what is expected of you and will adjust your behavior to succeed. You need affirmation, reassurance, and a sense of wellbeing to feel connected to yourself and others.
Tritype® 378, 387, 738, 783, 837, 873-The Mover Shaker
If you are a 378, you are ambitious, innovative, and protective. You want to be efficient, happy, and straightforward. You are a dynamic go-getter, focused on the prize. An expansive powerhouse, you see the big picture and have the will to make it happen. You are a true entrepreneur and empire builder. Obstacles are seen as competitive challenges.
Tritype® 379, 397, 739, 793, 937, 973-The Ambassador
If you are a 379, you are ambitious, innovative, and accepting. You want to be focused, upbeat, and peaceful. You like people and are outgoing even if you are shy. You are easygoing and seek comfort but strive for success and a feeling of personal importance. You are identified with what you do and achieve but are diplomatic, friendly, and kind in your approach.
Tritype® 458, 485, 548, 584, 845, 854-The Scholar
If you are a 458, you are intuitive, knowledgeable, and protective. You want to be original, wise, and straightforward. You study what makes people tick and form strong opinions about what you learn. Somewhat introverted, you are identified with being an intuitive, strategic thinker. You see and focus on the interconnections that others often miss.
Tritype® 459, 495, 549, 594, 945, 954-The Contemplative
If you are a 459, you are intuitive, knowledgeable, and accepting. You want to be original, wise, and peaceful. Highly self-aware and reflective, you are very shy, reserved, and self-conscious. You need regular quiet time to reflect on your thoughts and emotions. Easily flooded with emotion, it is difficult for you to voice your ideas and feelings.
Tritype® 468, 486, 648, 684, 846, 864-The Truth Teller
If you are a 468, you are intuitive, inquisitive, and protective. You want to be original, certain, and straightforward. You are highly sensitive and emotional. You track inconsistencies and are like the ‘canary in the coal mine,’ calling off hidden agendas, deception, and ulterior motives. You are very intense and can, at times, be overly emotional and reactive.
Tritype® 469, 496, 649, 694, 946, 964-The Seeker
If you are a 469, you are intuitive, inquisitive, and accepting. You want to be original, certain, and peaceful. You are very sensitive and can easily feel reserved and inhibited. You struggle with intense feelings of self-doubt and uncertainty. As a result, you need multiple sources of confirmation. You want to be individualistic but can fear being separate from others so avoid confrontation.
Tritype®478, 487, 748, 784, 847, 874-The Messenger
If you are a 478, you are intuitive, innovative, and protective. You want to be original, creative, and straightforward. A cutting-edge tracker of both your internal and external worlds, you are an unconventional, passionate, and self-possessed master of solutions. Outwardly, you are confident with a sense of panache but inwardly, you are emotionally vulnerable.
Tritype® 479, 497, 749, 794, 947, 974-The Gentle Spirit
If you are a 479, you are intuitive, innovative, and accepting. You want to be original, positive, and peaceful. You are identified with the defense of optimism and tend to hide your painful feelings and pessimism for fear of being rejected. You see the wonder in beauty and are tenderhearted, lyrical, and idealistic. You are attracted to the healing arts.
©1995-2021 Katherine Chernick Fauvre: Originator of Tritype
When considering type 4 in your Tritype® due to sadness or strong emotions:
I am sure most of you know that sadness is an attentional style and not a passion or fixation. Anyone can be sad due to painful life experiences.
The more losses we suffer, the deeper the imprints. Although, I can say that 4s and 6s report that they identify with sadness and loneliness more than the other 7 types.
For example, even the upbeat sexual 728 can suffer from chronic sadness. And, it is common for 728 with the sexual instinct that had to endure many painful losses in childhood to identify their core type as a 4.
So when considering your three types and your core type, you have to look at what moves you into action and/or reaction; what arises? This is when content is important because negative experiences are stored in the hindbrain.
So, when you have a current situation that causes you to feel sad, it will remind you of past painful memories. These memories combine and may show up as sadness or dread.
But for typing purposes, you need to get around the superego and see what it leads to when you drill down as with the In-depth Inquiry Process. Then you will see if your sadness is due to fear: fear of abandonment), shame: rejection for saying or doing something, or anger that you were not supported when you were in painful emotions.
When considering your type in each center, it is more complicated. And, Tritype® is richer than just having 3 types. one from each of the centers, with one that is dominant.
Tritype® is a 27-point personality system that identifies key features of the personality that emerge when your dominant Enneagram type in each of the three centers: head (5,6,7), heart (2,3,4), and gut (8,9,1) combines in a repetitive pattern of thinking, feeling and behaving. These three types merge and have a continuous repetitive and oscillating manner and specific stacking order creating a type unto itself.
So each of the 27 Tritype® Archetypes has its own worldview that includes: a focus of attention, coping mechanisms, core defense strategies, core triggers, core fears, desires, blindspot, life purpose, and growing edge.
It is important to note that just combining the 3 preferred types, one within each center, is not enough to explain the attentional patterns of each Tritype® Archetype.
This is because the characteristics of each of the three types influence one another. Some characteristics are amplified, while other characteristics are minimized or negated by the characteristics of the two other types within the Tritype®.
Tritype® can explain the distinctive ways in which you manage your life using various combinations of ego-strategies and coping mechanisms from each center, yet Tritype® (like the Enneagram) still remains a theory of motivation and not one of behavior.
It is easy to misidentify with a type because you see that you have some of the behaviors of the type in question. The keyword is identification. We often identify with a type that may not be what moves us into action.
It can lead you to your personal tracking behaviors. So it is not what you do but why you do it that reveals type.
I have information about Tritype® on both websites. You can learn more about Tritype® here: https://katherinefauvre.com/tritype
Tritype® Test Endorsements
Your Enneagram Tritype Test is a game-changer. I have been mistyped for 15 years. I finally know I am actually a 6 and not a 2, 5, or 7.
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I love all of the new features in the Enneagram Tritype Test. If only I had this 15 years ago.
As always, Katherine is innovative, progressive, and accurate so her new test is too. Check out enneagramtritypetest.com and www.katherinefauvre.com
I have seen you many times on YouTube. So, just for fun, I took your Enneagram Tritype Test. I learned the Enneagram in 2008 but I wasn’t sure about my Tritypes. 12 years later, I finally found my Tritypes with your test. I am having a wonderful time learning about my 4 in my tritype. You have spoken about the hidden sadness in the 478 tritype. Well, I am here to tell you it is true. I am the sad sexual 748 and my sadness doesn’t have to be a secret anymore. As you often say, we are just wired that way. I am so grateful for your inspired and caring work.
All of my clients and friends have typed accurately with the Enneagram Tritype Test. Thanks again, Katherine.
I took Katherine’s earlier test when she taught in Italy a few years ago. It was the best Enneagram test I had taken. But her enneagramtritypetest.com is even better. I have had everyone take it. It is so much fun to share it with friends.
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Helping sixes know they are sixes takes years off of their search for their correct Enneagram type. I recommend your Enneagram Tritype Test to everyone.
I work in a shelter and use the enneagram to help people understand themselves. It is so important to get the right type because I have so little time with people. I missed typing a lot of 6s correctly because they looked like other types. Now I understand what you keep saying about the core fears and defense strategies. Thank you for your work. I have everyone take your enneagram tritype test even when they already know their type.
Catalina, enneagramtritypetest.com es Magnifico! Gracias!
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The most accurate Enneagram test is at enneagramtritypetest.com
I gulped when the Enneagram Tritype Test results said that I had the pattern of the Enneagram type 6. I reexamined my life and found that it is true. I don’t have long explanations about why I am an unusual 3 or a 4. No more gulping, I immediately made friends with my anxiety and feel more chilled out.
I am not the anxious 358. This excellent test noted a special pattern. enneagramtritypetest.com. I am the self-preserving 631. Want to talk about it?
I was shocked when Katherine Fauvre’s Enneagram Tritype Test pegged me as a 6. I wanted it to be wrong. Two days later, it was a relief. I feel more like myself than ever.
It is clear that Katherine Fauvre really cares about people and helping them accurately type. So I took her test at enneagramtritypetest.com and it was dead on!
We all took the enneagramtritypetest.com and were surprised that a test could identify the 6s. Bravo Katherine!
Katherine Fauvre’s Enneagram Tritype Test is remarkably accurate! She really is a personality expert. Just when I think I have learned everything about the Enneagram she teaches something new or deeper.
Thanks, Katherine, I love working with your Enneagram Tritype Test.
Watched Katherine Fauvre’s free Q&A in June. OMG, I get it now. My sister and I are both 6s with different Tritypes constantly doing the devil’s advocate, point, counter-point thing, and driving one another crazy.
-Forever Changed in Arizona
No way! I look the enneagramtritypetest.com last week and I am a type 6!!! I thought I was a 4 for 11 years (but did doubt it at times). In her virtual Q&As Katherine Fauvre has discussed how emotionally complex the 6s are and why they think they are 4s.
Wanting certainty about my enneagram type is finally over.
-New Type in New Mexico!
Katrines Enneagram Tritype Test is dope!
Katherine Fauvre’s enneagramtritypetest.com is magnificent. Both clients and friends like it. It is accurate too which reduces my stress.
I saw Katherine for the first time in Australia and have followed her work. It is always interesting to learn what the types feel at their core and why.
I have had several sessions with Katherine. Her new test at enneagramtritypetest.com is just so easy and accurate. You can also get her test with many links to her website, www.katherinefauvre.com. I am still learning what it all means by watching her Q&As on YouTube.
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We all love your new test at enneagramtritypetest.com. Our study group is having so many insights and breakthroughs.
You have really changed the course of the enneagram, Katherine. Your deep understanding of what goes on in the hearts and minds of the types is jaw-dropping. Your test at https://enneagramtritypetest.com is a true reflection of what you have learned.
The best test is Katherine’s Enneagram Tritype Test. It has everything not just your type.
Amazing and thorough
As a person who is really aware of my well being by knowing myself, this test has proven to help me know and aware of my personality
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The test results not only help me to understand myself far better but will definitely help me to enhance my relationships with others. This knowledge helps me to feel more easily reconciled with myself, others and God.
I am pleased to have identified my tritype it helps me to better understand myself.
This appears to be an accurate measure of my personality types.
I appreciate having the opportunity to be given some interesting observations.
Very Comprehensive Test
Katherine’s Enneagram TriType test is so interesting. I felt the questions were easy to answer and understand. I found this to be very enlightening!
Sample Enneagram Tritype® Test
How does this Tritype® Test Work?
This comprehensive and in-depth Enneagram Tritype® Test is free.
This test is based on 35 years of experience, 22 of Katherine’s Research Studies on the Enneagram, Tritype®, Instinctual Types and MBTI, and many other correlations. You can learn more about the Enneagram Types, Tritype® and Instinctual Subtypes at www.katherinefauvre.com.
The specific word choices on the Enneacards came from tens of thousands of research participants and thousands of qualitative interviews and In-depth Coaching sessions.
How does it work?
Enneastyle Questionnaire: This is the open-ended testing instrument that led to all of the studies that followed, as it proved to accurately identify one’s self-image.
Begin by answering all questions based on what has been true for you most of your life, most of the time… not who you could be, should be, want to be, or have learned to become.
It is critical that you answer as you are now and have always been, regardless of how much you have grown. Your Enneagram Type is the "you" from childhood to now... the you that has always been present.
You will receive several sets of 3 Enneacards and be asked to drag and drop the cards in the order of your first choice to your third choice.
If you notice that you have been given Enneacards that you have already seen, it is intentional. You are being served the Enneacards in a number of different ways. 😉 They are also the result of the Enneacards you have selected. They are being compared against your other choices.
Want to guess what someone's Tritype® might be?
Many people have asked me how to type someone they are no longer in contact with, like an old flame, friend, and, most importantly, a loved one that has passed away… You would be surprised at how close your answers might be.
Retake the test
Then, this time, imagine the person for whom you are taking the test. Answer as they would answer the questions. Then see if the results remind you of that person.
Why the Enneagram System?
- Honors personality diversity
- Recognizes 9 views of reality, all of which are inherently valid
- Identifies why you do what you do
- Helps you to develop critical self-awareness
- Improves your relationships with others
- Helps to build cohesive groups, families, and teams
- Develop compassion for others
- Is a greater catalyst for change than any other personality typology
What is the Enneagram?
The Enneagram (pronounced “any-a-gram”) is a personality system with roots in ancient Middle Eastern spiritual traditions. “Ennea” is the Greek word for nine, and “gram” means drawing or graph. The Enneagram symbol is a circle enclosing nine equidistant points connected by nine intersecting lines.
As we know it today, the Enneagram is a vital link between the psyche and the spirit. It is a complex and sophisticated conceptual system that is also a sensible and easily understood self-discovery tool. The nine points represent how the nine different personality types perceive and defend their realities.
The Enneagram types are distinguished from one another by unconscious motivations and preoccupations that produce patterns of perception, feeling, and behavior, which can be gifts or obstacles to the personality.
The nine points represent the ways in which the nine different personality types perceive and defend their realities. The Enneagram types are distinguished by unconscious motivations and preoccupations, which produce patterns of perception, feeling, and behavior, which can be gifts or obstacles to the personality.
The wisdom of the Enneagram is that it recognizes nine very different yet inherently valid views of reality. The power of the Enneagram is that it is a profound and comprehensive tool to harness and transform self-defeating behavior into life-enhancing personal empowerment. The gift of the Enneagram is that through self-discovery, one can create and sustain meaningful and lasting relationships.
The Enneagram is a useful tool in determining personal patterns of relating and in understanding differing styles of communicating. Through deeper insight, one can more fully understand one’s own communication style, as well as the styles of others.
With this knowledge, one can observe the core triggers that influence one’s ability to successfully respond to any given situation and avoid ineffectual, self-defeating reactivity. Ultimately, the Enneagram is an invaluable tool that defines nine distinct life strategies that, when understood, can give crucial insight into developing the self-awareness needed to create change.
Understanding the Enneagram
Many personality typologies identify important character traits, which in and of themselves are very instructive, but only the Enneagram identifies the specific core motivations and often unconscious unmet needs (real or imagined) that may cause the personality to go on red alert and react defensively.
The beauty of the Enneagram is that it is a very simple yet complex personality tool that is easily understood. This is due in part because each of the 9 types has a very specific way in which their view of the world is organized.
Once you recognize that your view of the world is along the same lines as one of the nine Enneagram Types, you can begin to examine the predictable ways you will react or respond to different situations. Then you can use the same considerations when determining your Tritype Stacking and Instinctual Type and Subtype Stacking.
It is truly transformational to discover your Enneagram Type, Tritype® and Instinctual Type because once confirmed and understood, it is easy to pinpoint the moments and issues that will cause your defense strategies to go into overdrive.
With this knowledge, it is easy to recognize the very predictable defense patterns of the types. More importantly, with experience, you can discover your own personal triggers and track the ways in which your defense strategies work to protect you in times of stress.
Learning to recognize the micro movements, micro gestures and micro expressions that you use and those that signal the possibility of impending distress and potential conflict will give you the much needed time to intervene on your own behalf; long before you have become mired in frustrations or a fixed point of view.
Then you can begin the process of creating meaningful and lasting change.
History of the Enneagram and Tritype®
Note from Katherine: A student of many teachings
I have had the good fortune of learning directly from the first Enneagram teachers, including Oscar Ichazo and Claudio Naranjo. I have also certified with Helen Palmer-David Daniels, Don Riso-Russ Hudson, and Kathleen Hurley-Ted Dobson (later Theodorre Donson) and know their work at a master level. In addition, I have conducted 22 completed research studies with tens of thousands of international participants, thousands of qualitative interviews, and In-depth Inquiry Coaching Sessions.
What I do know is that I am forever changed by having had the opportunity to meet and study with such amazing people and teachers. As a result of what I learned from them, I have developed a much more expanded, integrated view of the types, that is at the same time a much more focused way of seeing what causes the types to suffer and what supports them in releasing rigid beliefs, negative emotions, and habitual behaviors.
You could say that I now have a more detailed map as to what triggers the defense strategies and coping mechanisms of the Enneagram Types, Tritypes®, and Instinctual Types and Subtypes. And, that the types themselves have taught me what is needed to quickly and radically help them to see, know, and feel for themselves the specific patterns and associations that can keep them mired in unnecessary suffering.
I write this now because I realize more and more that these divides are becoming larger and that many people are not aware of what came when and from whom and why. And, more importantly, how each of these missing pieces of information can help us to more fully love, understand, forgive, guide, and work with those we know and will encounter in the future.
This in no way negates the wonderful work that Enneagram teachers are providing. I just know that each teacher taught me aspects of the Enneagram the other teachers were not aware of and that many of these gifts modified my understanding of the types leading to a more compassionate understanding of the internal world of the Enneagram Types.
1st Dissemination of the Enneagram of Personality
The originator of The Enneagram of Personality
The Enneagram of Personality was created by Oscar Ichazo, a Bolivian spiritual seeker and mystic. He introduced his process of working with the Enneagram Instinctual Triads, Protoanalysis, Trialectics, and Dichotomies along with spiritual traditions to his students in Arica, Chile, in 1968.
Later, in July of 1970, he introduced the Enneagram and Protoanalysis as part of a 10-month spiritual training, which was also in Arica, Chile.
In April of 1971, after this initial dissemination of the Enneagram, Ichazo's students went on to create the Arica Spiritual School based on Ichazo's groundbreaking work.
Over the years, Ichazo added advanced concepts to his work, including his 40-day Training and his 2-week Domains of Consciousness Training. He also added tri-fix to his work, teaching students that they had 3 fixations circa 2005. Originally, tri-fix referred to the three instinctual centers and that each center had a fixated view, a central question. In addition, he taught a 5-day intensive every five years with new information and materials on the Enneagram and spirituality.
2nd Dissemination of the Enneagram
Claudio Naranjo, MD: Creator of Instinctual Subtypes:
The Enneagram was further developed and transmitted by Dr. Claudio Naranjo, a Chilean Psychiatrist, and spiritual seeker.
Naranjo had been a student of Ichazo’s and attended his training in Arica, Chile, beginning in April of 1970. He also attended 5 months of the 10-month training in Chile that began July 1, 1970.
According to Naranjo, he had many conversations with Ichazo in 1970, discussing both the spiritual and psychological aspects of the Enneagram and the 9 types.
In 1971, after his time studying and collaborating with Ichazo in 1970, Naranjo went on to teach the Enneagram in confidential study groups he called SAT groups for "Seekers After Truth" in Berkeley, California. He continued these SAT groups for 18 months from 1971-1973. Over time, he added his own work, including the Instinctual Subtypes.
In 1973, Naranjo stopped teaching in the US, stating that he did so because other people were taking credit for his work and misstating some of his key teachings.
First Diverging Viewpoints
As a result, both Ichazo and Naranjo's Enneagram teachings grew into two separate schools of thought.
3rd Dissemination of the Enneagram
Father Robert Ochs: Catholic Pipeline:
Another variation in the dissemination of the Enneagram occurred when Father Robert Ochs, from Loyola University in Chicago, began teaching the Enneagram at Loyola.
While on sabbatical in 1971, Ochs attended Naranjo’s SAT (Seekers After Truth) groups in Berkeley, California. Naranjo then gave Ochs permission to teach the Enneagram, which he did. Ochs focused on teaching from the short notes he had taken regarding Naranjo's descriptions of the nine types. His notes ended up in the hands of many Enneagram Enthusiasts because nothing was published about the Enneagram by Ichazo or Naranjo.
Ochs did not include the Instinctual Subtypes as part of his teachings because Naranjo had yet to fully develop his work with the Instinctual Subtypes. This is why those "East of the divide" (those that learned the Enneagram via Ochs) did not know about the Instinctual Subtypes.
Ochs did, however, mistakenly misquote Naranjo with respect to the movements between the types and their lines of connection. Naranjo taught and documented that integration and disintegration was an incomplete understanding to his teaching of the types and that the types move to "both lines of connection" as well as their "wing types" when integrating and when disintegrating.
What went wrong? Why does it matter?
Ochs continued to teach integration and disintegration as a formula for working with the type's fixation based on a false premise that the types move to one line of connection when integrating and to the other when disintegrating.
Those that studied with Ochs and went on to became teachers did the same. Over time, this error exponentially spread misinformation about the types, and according to Naranjo, lead to many mistypings and misunderstandings of the richness of the types.
In 1996, Naranjo said that he was misquoted in 1971 regarding the movement of the types' lines of connection within the Enneagram symbol. He said that this error went around the world and negatively impacted the understanding of the inner workings of the nine Enneagram Types.
He went on to explain that he did explore an idea regarding the arrows one evening with his SAT group but immediately saw that it was not viable the same evening. He went on to say that this was because it was dialectic in nature and not Trialectic, which is what the Enneagram of Personality was based on.
Naranjo reiterated that he never taught that the Enneagram types move one direction in security/integration and the other in stress/disintegration, nor do they become another type. He stressed that such a view would negate the intrinsic dynamics of the Enneagram system because every type is constantly moving to both of its lines of connection and to both wing types at all times.
Katherine attended Naranjo's 1996 training in Boulder, Colorado, and so was present when he explained this misunderstanding to that group of attendees.
Naranjo also taught that integration/disintegration was an error in his SAT groups. In 1994, he documented it in his book Ennea-types and Psychotherapy, which was published in 1994, and on video in 2010 when he was teaching the Enneagram in Germany.
Ichazo never taught integration and disintegration to his students and aspirants either.
Confirmation that such a theory was not in Ichazo's teachings was confirmed in 2005 and again in 2019 by two teachers from Arica, Ichazo's Spiritual School. These teachers taught Ichazo's 40-day Training and his 2-week Domains of Consciousness Training, and other diverse workshops. One teacher, in particular, attended the 1970 training in Arica, Chile. So they are well acquainted with the history of Ichazo's work.
Katherine states that she personally met and conversed with them regarding Ichazo's work with the Enneagram of Personality the year she lived on Maui from November 2004 to December of 2005. This same year was when she attended Ichazo's 5-year Anniversary Intensive. To confirm important facts about Ichazo's dissemination of the Enneagram of Personality, she communicated with them again via email in 2019 and 2020.
Three schools of thought
Many people do not know that this inaccurate dissemination of the Enneagram occurred, so it still continues to circle the planet, and even more so due to the internet highway. The misquoting of such an important aspect of the Enneagram system changed the course of the Enneagram.
Hopefully, the misunderstanding will be corrected to include the Enneagram Types the use of both lines of connection when stressed and both lines when secure, via the same internet highway, which is why I include this information here.
Until that time comes, there are Enneagram students and teachers that were not taught Ichazo's tri-fix and others that were not taught Naranjo's subtypes as a part of their Enneagram training.
Because of these differences, three very distinct schools of thought on the Enneagram came into being.
4th Dissemination of the Enneagram:
Katherine Fauvre Research, Certifications, and Tritype®
1985 Katherine Chernick (Fauvre) was introduced to the Enneagram before there were any books written of the Enneagram.
In 1994, just after the Enneagram conference, she began her formal research on the Instinctual Subtypes.
After 10 years of studying the Enneagram and teaching it to her clients and groups, she then began her three certification courses.
In 1995-1996, She certified with 3 different Enneagram Schools; Palmer-Daniels, Riso-Hudson, and Hurley-Dobson. She teaches that she learned a great deal from each certification process and from every participant she met along the way.
While certifying in 1995, she continued with 3 of her of 22 Enneagram studies on diverse aspects of the Enneagram.
In 1994, while conducting hundreds of Enneagram Typing interviews, Katherine confirmed that participants used three Enneagram types and not just one and that these types appeared to be used in a specific order. She called this understanding both 3Types and TriCenter.
In April of 1996, after a 24 year absence, Claudio Naranjo taught the Enneagram for the first time since 1973. According to Naranjo, it was the first time he ever taught the Enneagram as a full intensive. Katherine had a chance to attend his 7-day Intensive in Boulder, Colorado.
She found Naranjo's course to be eye-opening and that it filled in many important gaps in her understanding of the Enneagram types. She learned a great many things about the types that had been lost in the dissemination of the Enneagram or were incorrectly assigned to another type.
These errors, great and small, altered the dissemination of the Enneagram. There were key errors and additions about the types as they were initially taught by Ichazo and Naranjo.
These differences made a great deal of sense to her. She had studied many personality typologies prior to learning the Enneagram. Katherine had also worked with thousands of people in her earlier career. In addition, she had studied a great deal about faceology, archetypes, body language, micro-expressions, and MBTI before encountering the Enneagram.
By 1996, she had already conducted three qualitative studies on the 'internal experience' of the types and Instinctual Types and had written two books: Enneastyle: The 9 Languages of Enneagram Type and A Study of the Instinctual Subtypes. She had also researched and discovered the Idealized Images and Core Fears of the 9 Enneagram Types.
As a result of these studies, with over 1,000 study participants, she was able to confirm that each type moves to both lines of connection when secure, calm, and healthy and when troubled, stressed and unhealthy. This was true with participants that were correctly typed and true of those inaccurately typed as well. In fact, it was one way to see their "Truetype" (correct Enneagram type, Tritype®, and Instinctual type, and Subtype).
So, Naranjo's way of teaching validated what the types had said about themselves.
Later, in 2005, as mentioned above, while living on Maui in the Hawaiian Islands, she was able to attend Ichazo's 5-day intensive.
Since her first study in 1995, she continued to work with and to interview thousands of clients, continued to research, collect, and evaluate tens of thousands of study participants' test results, and correlated the test-taker's Enneastyle Questionnaire with 7 other testing instruments within their Enneagram Tritype® Test results.
This knowledge has remained a cornerstone of her work regarding how to work with the Enneagram type passions, fixations, preoccupations, core fears, idealized self-images, coping mechanisms, and defense strategies.
1995 Research Findings
Validate both Ichazo's Tri-fix and Naranjo's Instinctual Subtypes
Her first research findings on the 'internal experience' of the nine types and three Instinctual types revealed many key distinctions and nuances of the types and led to the creation of what is now known as Tritype®.
What is noteworthy and of interest is that these studies validated and continue to validate Ichazo's tri-fix and Naranjo's subtypes, and in particular, the advanced theories they added after 1971.
Especially meaningful is that the initial studies and resulting findings of her 1995 research studies, Enneastyle, and the Instinctual subtypes, were conducted and evaluated before she met Naranjo and had learned of his corrections and additions to the Enneagram and his subtypes before she knew of Ichazo's tri-fix.
This suggests that the fears, concerns, preoccupations, coping mechanisms, and defense strategies of the Enneagram Types, Tri-fixes, Tritypes®, Instinctual Types, and Subtypes can be observed and, with awareness, understood.
Therefore, Katherine feels that it is imperative that one combine Ichazo's and Naranjo’s later views on the Enneagram. In addition, it is also deeply enriching to add the views, fears, and concerns of the nine types as revealed by thousands of her study participants and her interviews with tens of thousands of test-takers.
Accurately Typing Oneself and Others
Katherine believes that combining all of these approaches makes it much easier to accurately type oneself and others. It also makes it easier to understand the 'internal experiences' of the types and the processes operating at the most primal and fundamental levels of the types' defense strategies.
With this knowledge, she feels one can create and sustain meaningful and lasting relationships.
Behavior vs Motivation
Pay attention to what is motivating your behavior and not the behavior itself. This is crucial to accurately type oneself. This is especially difficult for the Type 6 and a small number of 9s to do because their defense strategies are designed to track behavior rather than motivation.
©1995-2021 Katherine Chernick Fauvre: Originator of Tritype®